The 74 Gun Ship - Pratical Treatise of Naval Art 1780, Vol. 1

The 74 Gun Ship - Pratical Treatise of Naval Art 1780, Vol. 1
English edition of "Le Vaisseau de 74 Canons - Vol. 1", see Art.no. 15 on our web page. This 4 volume set is the starting point of our collection and as such is almost essential to the understanding of all our other books. It gives the definitions of all parts of a ship, " from keel to mast's truck", illustrated with many detailed drawings. It also explains how to manœuvre and operate a ship, and what shipboard life was like. In order to avoid unnecessary repetitions, these explanations and definitions are not given in our other publications, in which you will find numerous cross-references to "The 74 Gun Ship". THE METHOD While the shape of things to come is not set at the beginning of the book, principles are well established there. Boudriot started with primary sources by systematically studying models in the arsenals and by doing daily archival research in every harbour in France. He neglected nothing : neither the theoretical contributions brought by such authors as Duhamel du Monceau, Romme, Bouguer or Vial du Clairbois, nor the valuable iconographic documents provided by such draughtmen as Puget, Ozanne, Vernet, Guéroult du Pas and Sponsky de Passebon, etc. But the practical drawing booknotes of anonymous engineers, the more modest wood estimates by master carpenters or the inventories of a warehouse were even more important. Only the irrefutable document is to be taken into account : engineers' plans, construction, equipping and campaigning estimates; correspondence and manuscripts of the time. Because of his talent as a draughtman and because of his architect's training, Jean Boudriot is convinced that naval archeology - because it is a restitution of the past - can only be approached through drawing, the only true means of expression and understanding it. His rigorous and magical lines, with their lively and familiar style, immerse the reader in the atmosphere of the 17th, 18th and 19th ports and ship building sites throughout his numerous books. THE SHIP As the main naval war machine at the end of the 18th century, the 74 Gun Ship was the result of a compromise, like every successful vessel. Her balance between strong guns and manoeuvrability offered by the 28 gun lower gundeck and firing 36 pound cannon-balls, made the "74" the perfect ship of the line. Since she moved more easily, she was much more useful in combat than the heavy 100 gun three-decker.
Her hull alone represented half of 3000 tons moving. 2800 hundred-year-old oak trees (a whole forest), and 600 tons of iron and wood bolts were needed for her construction. The hold and its orlop-deck could contain victuals for 6 months and water for 12 weeks. The gundeck had to bear the considerable weight of enormous 36-pdr guns, weighing 4 tons each. The upper deck, covered front and back with castles, carried lighter guns. This hull rose 7 meters above water and carried prodigious flights of sails. Each of the three masts, in three elements, rigged three floors of square sails and the main top-mast truck towered at 60 meters. This ship was well designed by her engineer and when correctly used by her crew, she performed superbly at sea in all weathers. In a fair breeze, she could exceed ten knots by sailing quartering. The book contains 16 plans and 106 illustrations. Contents VOLUME I : I. ADMINISTRATION OF THE PORTS AND DOCKYARDS 1. General organisation 2. Surveyors 3. Summary table Il. THE WORK OF THE SURVEYORS 1. Qualities demanded of a warship 2. Study of the hull shapes 3. Ships' draughts 4. Calculations 5. Specification III. THE WORK OF THE SHIPWRIGHTS 1. Moulding in the loft 2. Marking out and fashionning in the yard IV. MATERIALS 1. Timber 2. Hemp 3. Metals 4. Others materials DOCKYARD INSTALLATIONS 1. Slipway and keel blocks 2. Raising and horning of the timbers 3. Launching VI. HULL TIMBERS 1. Keel and stem timbers 2. The station frames 3. Stern-frames 4. Filling timbers 5. Reinforcement and planking of the hold 6. Construction of the decks 7. Internal planking above the hold 8. Description of other inboard works 9. External planking of the hull VII. FASTENING - CAULKING 1. Nails, fastening 2. Nailing, fixing of bold 3. Oakum, pitch TABLES, ETC
Weight: 3.00 kg

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